Long variables are extended size variables for number storage, and store 32 bits (4 bytes), from -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647.

If doing math with integers, at least one of the numbers must be followed by an L, forcing it to be a long. See the Integer Constants page for details.


long speedOfLight = 186000L;
// see the Integer Constants page for explanation of the 'L'


long var = val;

var – the long variable name
val – the value you assign to that variable

See also

unsigned int
unsigned long
Integer Constants
Variable Declaration

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The text of the 86Duino reference is a modification of the Arduino reference, and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. Code samples in the reference are released into the public domain.